In Ackal v. Centennial Beauregard Cellular, the Fifth Circuit reversed the certification of a class of Louisiana governmental entities who contracted with the class defendants for cell phone service. No. 12-30084 (Oct. 26, 2012). The Court reasoned that because Louisiana law requires many of the entities to follow a specific process before retaining outside legal counsel, the class was essentially “opt in” — a class structure expressly foreclosed by Rule 23(b)(3), which allows only class member “opt out.” Id. at 6 (citing Kern v. Siemens Corp., 393 F.3d 120 (2d Cir. 2004)).
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