- Thompson sued Defendants in Arkansas in 2011, alleging he was a citizen of Arkansas. That lawsuit was dismissed for improper venue.
- Thompson sued Defendants again in Florida in 2012, and voluntarily dismissed that action after the magistrate concluded that diversity was lacking.
- Thompson sued Defendants again in Alabama in 2012, alleging that he was a citizen of Arkansas. That action was transferred to Mississippi. It was then dismissed for lack of jurisdiction because Thompson and one of the citizens were both Florida citizens at the time of filing in 2012.
Thompson argued that the relevant facts related to the original 2011 filing, not the 2012 re-filing. HELD: “[T]he [Alabama] complaint does not relate back to the [Arkansas] complaint because the second complaint was not an amendment, but rather the commencement of a separate action.” Dismissal affirmed.